Cards may be common to all players or private. They can also be closed (visible from its owner alone) or open (visible to all). There is also the height of play played. Winning hands can be high (high), low (low), or both (high / low). In some variants where one plays the high and low hands, certain conditions are imposed on the low hands. For example, a player’s hand can not hold cards above eight (eight or better), or aces can only count in high cards (deuce to seven).
In these variants, each player receives systematically five cards. They are all private and closed.
- Closed Poker, or Draw: this is the historical variant of poker, the one that beginners often learn first.
- The closed Nullot, or Lowball, or ace-to-five, or California lowball is played like closed poker but in low ace to five mode
- The Deuce to Seven, or Kansas City Lowball is played like closed poker but in low deuce to seven mode
- The Badugi, is the only poker game played on four cards, you must have weak cards that are not the same color.
Common Card Variants
In these variants, some of the cards are common and therefore open (visible), and another is private and closed (hidden).
- Texas hold’em, Hold’em, or Vegas (Two private cards, five community cards)
- Double Hold’em, or Double Flop Hold’em (Two private cards, twice five community cards)
- Omaha (Four private cards, five community cards, exists in high or high / low mode)
- Aviation (Four private cards, five community cards)
- Le Courchevel (Five private cards, five community cards, exists in high or high / low mode)
- The Irish (Four private cards, five community cards)
- The Pineapple (Three private cards, five community cards)
- The Crazy Pineapple (Three private cards, five community cards)
- The Royal Hold em (is played like texas hold em except that you only play with the following cards: Ace, King, Queen, Jack and 10 of 4 colors, that is to say, heart, clover , diamonds and spades: 20 cards) is played by up to 6 players.
- Seven-handed poker
All cards are private, but some are open, and others are closed
- Five Card Stud, Five-Card Stud or Cincinnati Kid (One Card Closed, Four Cards Open)
- Seven card stud, Seven-card stud (Three closed cards, four open cards, exists in high or low or high / low mode)
- Eight-or-Better is the name given to Seven-Card Stud played in High / Low
- Razz or Nullot is the name given to seven-card Stud played in low.
- The Queen and follow, is played like the seven-card stud but the Q are wild and the card is given after Q. This card is given after the Q is only wild until another Q given, in this case it is the card that is given after the last Q which is wild (exists in high or high / low mode).